About jnxyz

An Educator, Tech-Writer, Creativist, iPhoneographer, Husband and Father. Apple Distinguished Educator and Project Officer supporting mobile learning (iPads, iPods, tablets, eReaders, One Laptop per Child XOs). See jnxyz.net for links to all my goings-on.

iBeacons mapped against SAMR model

samr ibeacon

samr ibeacon

6 months in the making, this infographic aims to map the emerging uses of iBeacons in Education against the levels of the SAMR model developed by Dr Rubin Puentedura. Why? When a new technology emerges, its early uses in education will generally follow a path that begins at a substitution level of using the new tech almost exclusively just to replace something we could already do. In the case of iBeacons, this can mean pushing links to lesson resources out to class iPads rather than emailing them.

As our experience grows however, the challenge in regards to getting the most out of the time, money and energy spent on on deploying the new technology is to learn how the capabilities it brings allows us to augment, modify and then redefine the original learning task in ways that would never have been possible before.

I hope you find this chart useful – it is a just a version one, but has resulted from a large range of conversations I’ve had with leading educators and iBeacon early-adopters this year. Enjoy, share, and let’s know ideas for a future version 2 🙂

Download HERE.

You + students + free entrepreneur courses = seed $

I’m super pleased to announce that my E20 group (‘make education better’ – E20.net.au) has been chosen by the New Media Consortium (of Horizon reports fame) as one of only 10 NGO’s worldwide to help bring global-life.org free entrepreneur short courses to school!

Its a win-win for everyone – your students can learn vital work-force skills AND receive some seed funding to start a pilot with what they learn, while E20 receives gets support to continue its mission. All you have to do is register students (the more the better – sign up a whole school to maximise the funds your class/cohort can access).

Would love your support please! Only 20 places are available at the moment.



Use the E20.net.au/contact link to discuss joining – and use www.life-global.org/go/e20 to get to the ‘start’ button

Been to Storehouse HQ, got the tshirt, glimpsed the future of publishing


I have been a Storehouse user since day one.

This has been due to its simplicity, and the fascinating, National-Geographic-esque articles that users immediately started contributing. I also really appreciated how, unlike many startups, several of the staff found the time to reach out to me personally following the publishing of my first stories.

Community Manager Michael Kasian was one of these. One of his emails included words to the effect of “if you are ever in San Francisco, please drop in”. Little was he to know that the Australia to California distance that existed at the time might not always make this as impossible as it seemed…

July 2014 saw myself, along with 500 others, attend the global 2014 Apple Distinguished Educators Institute in San Diego California, just a few hours south of Storehouse’s San Francisco base. This event is what we like to think of as the Education version of WWDC – a unique chance to meet with other Apple-device using educators and attend dedicated workshops. As one of the major themes that emerged from this gathering was creating and sharing digital stories, I was actually surprised that more of my fellow attendees had not heard of Storehouse.

For me, I have gone onto publish several Storehouse stories, as well as to share it widely with the adult educators I train in my day job. I’ve done this because it fits neatly into a place between two ideas that are rapidly gaining acceptance by iPad-using educators. The first idea is the SAMR model of technology integration by Dr Ruben Puentedura which posits that while many early deployments of new technology like the iPad begin by simply substituting the device for tasks previously done on paper or older tech, the mobility and app eco-system around the iPad mean it can lead to learning tasks being redefined in ways that lead to the creation of entirely new content.

The second idea is the linking of a series of apps together to form a workflow that can enable this process by allowing this new content to be built up through a series of steps that lead to the use of a final app to package the content together for publishing and sharing. And this is exactly where Storehouse fits in.

Though still packing a small staff, Storehouse has already built up a vibrant community of users that includes many top photo journalists and recently saw National Geographic themselves utilise the platform to tell a story. And when I had the chance to spend a couple of days in San Francisco following the Institute I attended in San Diego, I jumped at the chance to take Michael up on his offer of a visit to the HQ itself.

So what is Storehouse? Their own byline is “The easiest way to create, share and discover beautiful stories’. For me, it is the ‘beautiful’ that really sets Storehouse apart from other tools as the app auto-arranges your work into a stunning magazine style format. For students and busy educators, it means we can go straight from the creating good content stage to the sharing our work professionally and skip the print out and paste onto poster, or endlessly fiddle with powerpoint stages.

In addition, by limiting stories to only 50 items (images, videos and text boxes) it forces stories to be relatively succinct while still giving enough creative scope for those who want it in terms of options for re-sizing and re-arranging images.

Once a story draft is complete, its a simple matter of tapping ‘publish’ and then your creation is available to other app users, or to anyone on the web via a unique URL. You may even be featured in Storehouse’s Story of the Day section.

During the visit, it was a real pleasure to be shown a whole series of education-related stories that have already been published via Storehouse on a range of topics from. A particular highlight is one that goes completely meta by being about the usefulness of Storehouse itself for learning…

Looking to the future, I’d have to say it is the newer Assignment section that Storehouse is building out that gets me most excited – I mean would you rather do an old standard school assignment, or create a Storehouse adventure assignment?

Thanks again to the Storehouse team for the visit, and for putting themselves out there to create the tool that they have.

> Read the Storehouse version of this article with all the images HERE



App Workflows: Download a free sample or the full version of my ‘iPad is not a PC’ iBook to learn more about constructing app workflows



SAMR Model: There are a wealth of SAMR resources available online – I’d suggest doing an image search to browse the great infographic options that are available.

Education-focused stories already published on Storehouse:



If you would like to discuss iPads and apps in education, feel free to drop me a line via my http://JNXYZ.Education site.


More information about the Apple Distinguished Educators program can be found here:



These are the Worlds 1st iBeacon Schools

(Reblogged from my Beaconsforeducation.com site)

Since news of Paul Hamilton’s first ever use of iBeacons in a school hit the web earlier this year, there has been a gap in time as other schools and developers have been working hard to implement location-aware learning on a bigger scale. I myself am part way through developing an app to support professional development training of teachers with Crowdsify, but it takes time.

The waiting period to see which schools will be next is over however as a major project was announced last week involving a partnership between Australia’s largest independent school (Hailybury), a private school in the UK (Bryanston) and SpecialistApps.com that will see the already in place eLocker software used by these schools to support students use of iPads being augmented by iBeacons in a way that gives teachers a contextual trigger for curating learning content and experiences within an already successful and familiar tool. Read more about it in Geoff Elwood’s post HERE.

Almost at the same time we have another UK School who are launching their own project. Titled iClevedon, it leverages the work of a student developer to add iBeacon support for the schools digital handbook as well as location-specific triggers and notifications to make the very act of moving around the school an interactive experience. They are also using their back-end file management system (Foldr) to allow the beacons to trigger access to content for students as they need it. You can view the launch video HERE and follow them on twitter for updates.

So all in all, things are really heating up! Both of these projects are also giving me some great ideas to add to the chart I am creating to map iBeacon use cases against the SAMR framework of Dr Ruben Puentedura to provide a big picture view of where we are starting from (generally just substituting iBeacon use for a previous almost identical tool) and where we are going in terms of aiming for deployments where iBeacons allow learning tasks to be totally redefined.


Campaign to Listen, Learn and Teach in the USA



My request? Let me help you with phone, web or face to face tech+learning support.

Anyone who knows me will tell you I love to help and regularly chat for far too long than is normal about how tech like laptops, smart phones, iPads and tablets can, in balance, help make our lives better. To help with my job security in 2014, I am now making the technology and education skills I have gathered over the last decade available for those who really need some simple, personalised assistance.

Help me fulfil a dream to listen, learn & teach in the USA this June and July.

I will achieve this if I can fund a trip to improve my own skills by attending the NMC (New Media Consortium) 2014 conference in Portland, Oregan, and/or the Apple Distinguished Educators Institute in San Diego, and attend and deliver workshops in the USA while I am there.


What You Get:

  • Access to my unique way of explaining technology in simple but empowering ways
  • The chance to choose just the level of support you need
  • The chance to follow my journey and support me to become even better at what supporting my fellow educators and people like yourself
  • I can provide support and workshops on a range of topics, and even customise them for you immediate needs
  • My areas of expertise include: iPads, Macs, big picture planning, innovation, the SAMR model, Challenge Based Learning, Citizen Science, mobile devices, Using tablets to do ‘work’, App workflows, creating with iPads and tablets, Online learning tools and iBooks.


Why you can trust me to support you:

Not only am I an experienced teacher, but also an Apple Distinguished Educator who has been rated at number 1 in the world for tech knowledge (via the Quiz-Up app). My iBook about iPads and apps reached number 1 in Australia for computer-related titles, my educational YouTube videos have been viewed over 50,000 times, and I’ve been awarded by both the Department of Education in Queensland, and the UK’s Learning Without Frontiers conference as an innovative educator. You can find out more via JNXYZ.net and JNXYZtraining.net.


What I need:

I will be contributing my own money, time and frequent flyer points to make this trip possible, as well as volunteering to help pay for event fees. What I still need is:

  • Additional funds to cover travel and accommodation expenses
  • Opportunities to hone my craft by supporting your tech + learning needs
  • Opportunities to Listen, Learn and Teach in US locations


Other Ways You Can Help

Some people just can’t contribute, but that doesn’t mean they can’t help:

  • Ask the people in your networks to support the campaign using this link http://igg.me/at/jnxyz/x/1866503
  • Suggest other perks to me that I can add to best support you
  • Send the link for this page to Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest etc with a personal message of support from yourself.
  • Follow @jnxyz on twitter, or ‘Like’ JNXYZ training on Facebook to help increase my ability to share online.

Two new ubiquitous technologies for Education


Wanted to post about two new technologies I am exploring for their ubiquitous impact on technology that I wanted to share… Both are currently being deployed, but as it is very early days, especially for Education, the ultimate uses of them in a learning context are yet to be defined.


1. Google Glass – this falls into the current trend of ‘wearable’ technology – where a supplementary device like a watch or glasses communicate with your smartphone by bluetooth. This can be used for fitness data – or in the case of Google Glass – as an ‘in your field of vision’ interface for nearly all the main apps that an Android device would run. The best overview I have found so far is this video from early explorer David Kelly of the eLearning Guild. I have several friends with a set so will continue to monitor their opinions (which are of all perspectives from loving it to hating it).


2. iBeacons – this is the location-aware bluetooth technology that allows information to pop up on your smart device when you enter specific physical locations. its being used in retail to send alerts about sales to shoppers in the US, but in education it sounds perfect for libraries and museums. Basically, I envision using the set that I’ve ordered from Estimote.com to allow workshop participants who enter a physical area to receive a notification which then leads them to watch a video or view information (such as task instructions) specific to where they are – all triggered purely by them being in that space. I’m sure there will be many many other educational uses for this kind of tech also –


Check out this quick video of what’s being done by fellow ADE Paul Hamilton here in Australia.

App Challenge Sheets


I’ve recently been inspired by the simple challenges created by Craig Badura that give app-using educators a simple but engaging task where they can learn a new app not just by reading about it but by making something. As reported by Tony Vincent at Learninginhand.com, other people have started following Craig’s lead and making their own App Challenges – including me now – see the links below to download my attempt that takes you through a ‘Book Creator’ project and a Skitch project…




LINK: App Discoveries Book Creator










LINK: App Discoveries Skitch





JNXYZ training site debuts

FB banner all text 4 sm

Just a quick post to let readers know I have launched the beta version of a site dedicated to those who need innovative training for their staff around technology and learning. Head to JNXYZ training if I can help you in this way!



More info on my iBook about how we ‘do work’ in an post-PC, iPad world


Hi everyone – there comes a time when every iPad using educator needs to contribute back to the communities that have fostered them. I’ve certainly had a great time doing that with Slide2learn – and for me that time has also come in the form an iBook. Its the culmination of a few years of plugging away with mobile devices and thinking that gee, not only do these look and feel different to a traditional computer, they can also do much of what a PC can, and lots more beside.

I’ve also always struggled with just how does when do ‘work’ on a smaller screen with simpler interfaces and skill requirements? The answer that many similar educators (and Kate Maccoll was the first I heard talk about) have come up with is the idea of workflows that chain a series of apps together to produce the end product.

Here’s some of what I’ve written – see if this makes sense from your experiences:

“So if the iPad is not a PC in the 1980-2010 vein, what is it? There’s a good reason why Steve Jobs chose to first demo the iPad while sitting on a lounge chair (see image at right). I myself am sitting on my couch re-watching Star Wars at 11:54pm on a device that still has 32% battery left despite being in use throughout the day by myself and my 5 year old.

This extra long battery then is one of the key factors that effect how work can be completed with an iPad, and set it apart from the need of PC’s to be tied to a more fixed location. 

Another is the simpler user interface that allows one to focus fully on each piece of work in turn. This means that instead of using a small number of powerful desktop programs that each do almost too many things as on a PC, a user employs a series of simpler apps that each do one thing well in a productive sequence. 

A third factor is the way files are managed. While a PC requires the user to firstly remember when to save files as well as where the files where stored and in what folder, iPad apps automatically save ones work within the app itself. 

Finally, the other key factor is the way touch and features like auto-sensing screen orientation create a unique experience while using the iPad (“it fits me”), something that makes it feel like the most personal of computers yet.

In listing what sets the iPad apart, I’m not suggesting that it is a replacement for all PCs, not yet. We still very much need those ‘trucks’ to deliver the computing backbone that the new era of mobile computers relies on. 

The iPad may evolve into a modular device with add-ons and docks once mobile chips catch desktop ones that can become both, but that idea also misses the point. It’s different, not wrong. And to get the most out of it when completing work, we need to ‘think different’ about how we use it.” 

Coming to grips with this is one thing – but adapting to it can be something else. That’s where the idea of workflows comes in:

Instead of thinking about doing ‘work’ as we do on a PC, lets instead take advantage of the unique characteristics of the iPad to do something different.

We’ve seen that these characteristics are the iPads long battery life, ‘fits to me’ personal nature, simpler interface, and ability to have users focus on one task at a time. When taken together, and matched with the experience of more than three years of iPad use, a new model of computing is emerging.

Across the web, and in the terminology of iPad users, this model is becoming known as ‘workflows‘ – where a chain of apps is employed to link tasks together to create the required final piece of work.”

One such example of a workflow is photography where on a PC users might use 1 or 2 programs. On an iPad one could use 5-6 apps in a seamless flow that is often faster and more powerful. So using a chain of apps like Camera – Snapseed – WowFX – Afterlight – Over – you can go from this:

to this:

Anyway, here is the official description and link – you’ll see its $1.99 – thats only really to cover the time thats gone into it – but its free if you’re ever in my corner of the world and come visit OR you can make it to Slide2learn.net 2014 in Sydney 🙂 Hope it may prove useful.

Book Description:

“The iPad is not a PC. As obvious as that sounds, if the only computer you’ve ever used was mainly a box on a desk, or ran a desktop operating system with a physical keyboard attached, its only natural that the ways you attempt to use a new device will be dictated by the old paradigm. Instead of just sticking with such an approach, this book looks at the different ways that the PC and iPad have been designed to work, and then detail new ways that the iPad can be used for workflows, not just work“.

Download for iPad via the iBookstore or through iTunes on the desktop HERE.

My new iBook ‘The iPad is not a PC’


Book Description:

“The iPad is not a PC. As obvious as that sounds, if the only computer you’ve ever used was mainly a box on a desk, or ran a desktop operating system with a physical keyboard attached, its only natural that the ways you attempt to use a new device will be dictated by the old paradigm. Instead of just sticking with such an approach, this book looks at the different ways that the PC and iPad have been designed to work, and then detail new ways that the iPad can be used for workflows, not just work“.

Only $1.99 to recoup development costs – I hope its ideas for maximising users investment in iPads will make it useful for a broad range of people. Enjoy 🙂

Download for iPad via the iBookstore or through iTunes on the desktop HERE.


The XO Tablet – first impressions


Its not often one gets to brag about owning the only gadget in a whole country – but as the XO Tablet is only available from the USA, and the Australia arm of OLPC aren’t touching it, right now this is the case. Thanks to the generosity of fellow EdTech experimenters Wayan Vota and John Hunt, my 6 year old daughter has now logged about 10 hours on this latest iteration of what a ‘green machine’ can be and I’m ready to report some first impressions.

I’ll get to her thoughts shortly – but first, given the at times highly charged nature of all-things OLPC, some context. I have written for OLPC News before, am the Dad of a child in the target audience for the XO Tablet, and am a long-time OLPC supporter (with nearly 4 years of being employed by a state education department to support XO deployments). I’m also a well-known exponent of that other transformative mobile platform, the iPad, of which I’ve owned every model and even co-founded the Slide2learn.net community to support. I’ve also owned a Nexus7 Android tablet since its launch. What I’m trying to say is that I couldn’t have been more excited to get an XO tablet that sits right at the convergence of all these interests.

So, first impressions: I love the green case. Its chunky and grip-able and …

– Read the whole article at OLPC News here: http://www.olpcnews.com/tablets/xo_tablet/the_xo_tablet_-_a_first_impression_in_750_words.html




Response to a PC-era’s review of the XO Tablet

OLPC News xo tablet










At OLPC News there are a few good articles overviewing the XO Tablet and what it means for learners and well as One Laptop per Child’s overall program. The most recent one gives a more negative view than some which is good for balance but seems to be coming from someone still thinking that PC and PostPC devices can’t both have a place.

Go here to read it.


Here FYI was my response 🙂

Nice to see a balanced overview here thanks Edward. For my part tho – and I’ve worked with XOs for over three years, and tablets as well – the one thing (something Wayan alluded to in his articles) that has me interested in the XO Tablet is the bundled software – I don’t think anyone could seriously think that part time volunteer coders writing in Python for Sugar can now ever compete with the quality of apps available for Android and especially iOS – there is no comparison in capability. So whatever hardware design one prefers (and lets face it, cheap but decent bluetooth keyboards can be used with the XO tablet very easily – some even combine with a case) IF the software is lacking then you can do very little with them, or at least very little in comparison to what’s in the Play Store and App Store. Am I right? And isn’t a sugar port headed to the XO tablet anyways?


New Post at MEDIUM: ‘I was #NotAtISTE’




Medium is a great, uncluttered online publishing platform that one can spend hours on reading interesting stuff. I’ve recently joined and here is the start of my first article, an opinion piece written from afar about the 2013 International Society for Technology Educators conference…

“I may be way off here, or bitter because I was home in Australia and thus #NotAtISTE – but I trust my instincts as a teacher. At San Antonio Texas the last week, 10,000+ educators & marketers from all corners of the globe gathered for possibly the worlds largest education conference – #ISTE13. Why?

Why so many? Was there a strong consensus on an important issue that brought them together like a face to face gathering of the Bad Ass Teacher group? Was there an important new pedagogy to be shared & workshopped? Was there a breakthrough learning theory that just had to be debated? No.”

Read the FULL article HERE.

Are MOOCs the technology to break the Education Cartel?

Part 1. The obligatory history lesson:

It happened to the record industry first. While popular music had long been available on radio, it could be argued that a true music industry as we know it today didn’t arise until the 50‘s and 60‘s when distributable media and players became widely available. To summarize – you bought your music on record, then on 8-track, then on cassette, and then on CD once again. Sounds very much like a ‘cartel’, or “association of suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition”. Record companies (not artists generally) held the content and the means of distributing it to us the passive consumer.

But that’s where technology turned. CD drives in computers plus early sharing software like Napster meant that instead of getting good at mashing the pause button on your stereo so recording to cassette stopped before the adds kicked in, you could rip a whole CD to MP3 in minutes and upload it for anyone who was also connected to the net. You could also bypass the record stores entirely by downloading songs, for free. It meant you didn’t have to buy your music a fourth time in some other format – you now controlled the file. No it wasn’t legal, but it was what the people wanted.

Fast forward to 2013 and we can choose to buy tracks one at time instead of ten at a time. NOW we have Pandora, and Spotify and Rdio et al. Now Music gets pushed to me. Now I tap a thumbs up button and more great tunes keep rolling in, for free if I put up with the Pandora Ads like four times an hour.

Imagine if the streaming music app Pandora was the education system. How would that change things?

The ‘cartel’ has been broken, or at least radically forced to change its ways. Dropping DRM restrictions on music files for instance means we the customer can choose when, where and how we want to store and play our music. Funny then that last year was the first time in a decade that the music industry saw an uptick in profits – after finally signing licenses for online services that are very similar to Napster.

Now get ready to lose your job – so says Jon Evans in a recent article at TechCrunch. His argument is that nearly all industries are facing a similar shakeup as the digital revolution enters a new stage and the stuff of the world moves into silicon. He quotes Chris Dixon’s remarkable idea that just as in the previous four technological revolutions, we are at the stage where new tech is replacing traditional jobs before new digital industries that will appear have had a chance to create new ones.

For example, as information has moved online, print newspapers are failing faster than they can hit on a successful digital strategy. Indeed, Wired reported nearly a year ago that some sports journalism jobs have already been taken by software that in part takes advantage of the proliferation of easily accessible data.

Part 2. The MOOC did it: What it all means for Education

“Education is the cartel that technology is going to break next” Heppell, 2011

“Higher education is just on the edge of the crevasse … I think even five years from now these enterprises are going to be in real trouble” Clay Christensen, 2013

So what about the education system? …


TO READ THE FULL ARTICLE, head to EduTechDebate and join the conversation.



Throw Long, Throw Short

Recently the New Media Consortium Future of Education Conference spent a good deal of time identifying just what are 5 of the most wicked problems facing Education going forward. As a I currently have the opportunity to contribute a solution to one of these, I wondered if there would be other educators keen to help me refine the idea by leaving comments and suggestions if there are additions or suggestions you think could improve my pitch.

I’ve chosen a particularly trick problem – Rethinking Teaching.

First, view the short intro presentation I’ve created with Haiku Deck.


And here is the overview of the solution to ‘re-thinking teaching’ that I’d like to present:

Throw Long, Throw Short: 

The Paradox Of Teachers Stepping Back So Students Can Step Up

Throw Long: Educators are busy. When do we ever have the time to sit back reflect on the big picture of where we are heading and what our goals for educating students are? One source of help might just be the SAMR model of Dr Puentedura – but pitched not as a lesson or unit analysis tool – but as a life journey. In this session I will firstly spell out how this may be done, so that then we can…

Face the Paradox: Only when we are assuredly on our own journey can we as Educators step back just enough to ‘throw short’, ie. allow students to surprise us by teaching themselves. This will be the second key point I share in this session – with a practical example of where, after a period of reflection, I was able to stepp back and run a project at my school to “help students learn to be their own teachers”.


Learn more about the NMC Summer Conference HERE where solution such as these will be presented – maybe even by me 🙂




Smart Watches and wearable tech – the next computing frontier

Wanted to share my recent article on this topic with you all. As the miniaturisation of tech continues, there is every chance that small wearable devices like smart watches will be the next are that we as educators explore regarding how it’s mobility and ubiquitousness can enhance learning…

Read the article at Mactalk HERE.



NMC K-12 Ambassador role – UPDATE




Hi readers – wanted to ask for an action from you on my behalf that I think would benefit the viewership here also. I’m under consideration for an ambassador role with the New Media Consortium – producers of the brilliant Horizon Reports that we all rely upon to indicate which technologies need to be on educator’s radars.

Being an Ambassador means I can take your suggestions and contribute to a future K-12 edition of the report – so please visit Youtube HERE to view and ‘like’ my video to support my submission. You can also branch off to view the other excellent submissions from there also. My thanks.

UPDATE: And wow, with your support I have been selected! I look forward to sharing about the journey and all that it entails

Where are we at on the road to Ubiquitous Computing & uLearning? – an update

Recently I’ve re-visited the topic that was the very founding-theme of this here education and technology blog – that being, what does the dawning of a ubiquitous computing era mean for learning? These articles look at the no-longer near-future topics of ‘The Network of Things’ and ‘Perceptual Computing’. Head over to Mactalk.com.au where they are published to read both and get an idea of what the current section of the road to Everyware looks like:

-> The Network of Things


-> Perceptual Computing


Good positive coverage of tablets in Education

Want to point you all to this story published in major newspapers across Australia recently that gives a positive look at where tablets in Education are going rather than the ‘we did alright with pencils’ view thats often offered up. I was privileged to be interviewed for it:

SCHOOL technology is no longer limited to communal computer labs and a laptop lugged in every backpack.

Just as tablets, iPods and other handheld devices are changing the way we do things at work and play, they’re changing the way students learn … and not always in the manner makers intended.

A year ago Apple amped up its iPad push into the education market with the launch of iBooks 2. Apple’s worldwide marketing vice-president Phil Schiller described education as “deep in our DNA”.

Schiller’s pitch was for iPads to become a replacement for textbooks. But while iPads are replacing some books, the technology is also branching off in other directions, with tablets seen as creative tools by educators rather than something passive.

A recent look at 18 different studies into the use of tablets in education found the use of iPads could increase students’ test scores, improve engagement and increase students’ ability to work independently.


To read the full article, including my contributions, go HERE.